Taken from BBC Earth, narrated by Richard Attenborough. This feat is quite astonishing!
Hair follows a specific growth cycle with three phases:
Anagen – This is the growth phase. The longer a hair remains in the Anagen phase the longer it will grow – this depends on genetics but it can last 2-6 years.
Catagen – This is a transitional phase that hair goes into once Anagen phase has ended. The hair follicle will shrink, the papilla detaches and the hair is no longer attached to its ‘life supply’ of nutrients. Hair is no longer growing.
Telogen – Also known as the resting phase. The follicle remains dormant and the hair will be anchored in place. Depending on the strength of the follicle, it will eventually soften and the hair will eventually break free and shed.
The phases run simultaneously so some hairs on your head will be in the Anagen phase and others in Telogen. For each hair strand, the Anagen phase should start again once the Telogen phase is complete, but some people may experience a longer Telogen phase meaning hair is shedding but no new hair is growing. This may result in thinning of the hair, so what we want to do is effectively ‘jump-start’ the Anagen phase and encourage the growth phase to begin.
Hot water strips the hair of moisture and weakens hair strands making it more perceptible to breakage.
Make sure you are washing your hair with lukewarm water and not hot water. You want to open the hair cuticles to clean your scalp which lukewarm water will do, then close the cuticles which will help reduce hair loss and frizz so ensure you finish washing your hair with a blast of cold water.
Cut down using a hair dryer or heating tongs every day. Heat can weaken your hair so even just going an extra day without using a hairdryer or tongs can dramatically improve the condition of your hair. Ideally gently towel-dry your hair until it is around 60% dry and then use the hairdryer on a medium setting.
Comprised mainly of smaller medium-chain fatty acids, this 100% natural oil is able to penetrate more deeply and faster than other conditioners. A tub of coconut oil which can be bought at your local pharmacy will last you a few months and it is packed with vitamins and fatty acids to help nourish your hair.
The numerous benefits of using coconut oil on your hair include:
• Stimulates hair growth by penetrating deep into the follicles
• Provides amazing moisturisation for dry hair
• Adds shine to hair
• Reduces protein loss in your hair – the only oil to do this
• Contains anti-bacterial properties to soothe an itchy or flaky scalp
Blood glucose is another name for blood sugar. When carbohydrates and sweets are eaten, they are turned into glucose in the body. At this point, they are either used for energy immediately or stored away for energy later. When blood glucose levels elevate, it is usually the result of insulin not being released sufficiently from the pancreas, as is the case with diabetes. A high level of glucose is also commonly called hyperglycemia, and symptoms that can be seen with it include blurry vision, extreme thirst and having to take many trips to the bathroom. When blood glucose levels are high, there are various ways to cure the problem.
The body uses the stored form of of glucose, called glycogen, for energy when it is exercising. Doing weight training, running, cycling, swimming or any form of cardiovascular exercise can help lower glucose levels. Even 30 minutes of walking a day can be beneficial.
Foods that are both high in saturated fat and sugar can have a negative effect on blood sugar levels, and should be avoided. Some examples of these are fast foods, processed baked goods, cakes and sweets.
The glycemic index is a table that shows how fast a carbohydrate is absorbed into the blood stream. Foods that are high on this index are called simple carbs and foods that are low are called complex carbs. Complex carbs are low because they have a high amount of fiber in them, which can keep blood glucose levels stabilized. This is the type of carbohydrate that should be consumed. Some examples are fruits such as oranges, apples and cherries, oat bran and oatmeal.
Beverages can also cause blood glucose levels to be high. Some examples of these are fizzy drinks, fruit drinks, sweetened teas and sweetened coffee drinks. In place of these beverages, water should be consumed. It has no calories or sugar, and it helps to flush impurities from the body. According to the Institute of Medicine, women should consume 2.7 liters a day and men should consume 3.7 liters a day.
Other than adjustments in food, there are also various supplements that can be taken to control high blood glucose. They help with the breakdown of carbs in the body, and they also help with insulin release and storage. Some of these include chromium, cinnamon, zinc and ginseng.
Can I store contact lenses in tap water?
No. Soft lenses must be stored in a disinfecting solution. Temporary storage in saline is allowed, but the lenses will have to be disinfected prior to the next use. Rigid Gas Permeable (RGP) lenses can be stored in tap water in an emergency, but will need to be cleaned and conditioned by soaking in an appropriate disinfecting solution prior to use.
Can I lose a lens behind my eye?
No. The conjunctiva, the fine, thin membrane that covers the sclera (white part) and inside of your eyelids is well attached to the side walls of the eye socket. Although you can not lose a lens, it can find its way up and under the upper lid and be pretty hard to locate. A soft lens can roll up and likewise be hard to find. Either way, if you flush your eye with water or saline, the lens should float out. In rare instances, a RGP lens may adhere by suction to the conjunctiva. First apply wetting solution to the lens and wait about a minute. Then try to move the lens while gently pressing on one edge. If that doesn’t work, you can try to very gently lift up under one edge to break the seal. Or go visit your optician. If a contact lens adheres repeatedly, it is not fitted correctly and should be replaced.
How can I tell if I have the lens in the wrong eye?
Alternately cover each eye with your hand. Do not simply squeeze your lids closed. Compare the vision. If one eye is noticeably better or worse, switch them and try again.
How can I tell if a soft lens is inside out?
(1) Place the lens on the tip of your finger facing upward, like a bowl. If when viewed from the side the edges of the bowl flare outward, it’s inside out. (2) Add saline, drop by drop to fill the bowl. If the edges begin to curl inwards, it’s the correct way.
My lens has a small tear in it which bother me. Should I replace it?
Never wear a lens that is obviously damaged, even if it feels okay. It could be causing damage to your eyes that might not be immediately apparent. And never wear a lens which is uncomfortable, causes pain or leaves your vision hazy or distorted.
How do I know when to dispose my disposable lenses?
As a basic rule, never sleep in lenses more than one week, or less, as prescribed by your optician. Dispose of them as recommended. Daily wear users should replace their lenses as recommended by their optician. Wearing your lenses past the recommended replacement interval may result in serious complications affecting your eye health and vision.
What kind of eye drops can I use when my eyes get dry?
You should use products specifically designed for use with the type of lenses you are wearing. Saline solution can be used with any contact lens. The re-wetting drops for RGP lenses are far more effective than saline and special soft lenses lubricating drops also work well. Drink more water to help with increasing your natural tear production. Unless directed to do so by your optician, do not use medicated eye drops as soft lenses may concentrate the drug and alter the effect,
How do I know which is the best solution for my lenses?
Do not mix and match contact lenses products. The chemicals used within any one care system are designed to be compatible. Using alternative products could create chemical reactions which could damage or discolour the lenses, irritate your eyes, or reduce the desired effect of the product.
Be careful to keep your lenses care products clean. Do not touch the tip of the bottles to any surface. If you do, quickly discard the next few drops. Always close the container with the original top immediately after use.
Refrigeration is not always best
It’s not a good idea to store vitamins in your refrigerator unless the bottle specifically instructs refrigeration. The logic for this is that every time you open a cold bottle to get your vitamin, you’re allowing condensation inside the bottle that can lead to vitamin deterioration.
If you prefer storing your vitamins in your refrigerator, then stash them in refrigeration for long-term use. You can store vitamins in bulk in your refrigerator, take out a one-month supply to store in your cabinet, and then close the refrigerated container until next month. This will minimize the number of times you’re opening the vitamin container and allowing condensation. Overall, it’s a much better idea to store your vitamins in a cool, dry, dark place. They will last significantly longer.
Keep vitamins in their original containers
Some vitamins come in dark glass bottles or opaque containers. They are packaged this way to minimize vitamin breakdown due to light. Some people like to transfer their vitamins from a dark bottle to a clear baggie or some other clear storage container for easy access. Generally, if a bottle is designed to reduce light exposure, then it’s better to take these vitamins directly from their original container in order to minimize their deterioration.
Keep vitamins away from humidity and heat
There’s a tendency to store vitamins in either the bathroom or the kitchen for easy access. These are actually not ideal locations because these rooms have higher humidity and heat levels than other rooms in the house. A bedroom drawer or linen closet would be a better location to preserve vitamin strength.
Beyond the Expiration Date
Stored properly, vitamins can last four or five years, although the conservative recommendation is that they can easily last two years. Taking vitamins beyond their expiration date is generally safe. The only difference is that you may lose potency over time, so taking extremely old vitamins may not give you the desired results that you’re trying to achieve. But in case you have doubts, some vitamins have been known to last 10 years or longer without losing their label strength.
Transfixed by racial, political, and socioeconomic tensions saturating the news, movement artists Jon Boogz and Lil Buck, enveloped by the art of Alexa Meade, switch off the TV and release their emotion into a stirring dance that is both a lament and a spirited call to action.
Movement artists Jon Boogz and Lil Buck, who use dance to move people and improve the world, find alchemy with Meade’s perspective-changing art. The result is a powerful, mesmerizing reflection, a moving 2D art representation, of the state of today’s society.
One of the best videos I’ve seen to promote Sierra Nevada. Watch in full screen mode to experience that sensation of actually being there.
Watch in full screen mode.
A beginner’s guide to travel from Milan to Zurich using the fabulous Bernina Express. The video shows the regional train from Milan to Tirano (depart 10:20, arrive 12:50), the Bernina Express Tirano to Chur (depart 14:04, arrive 18:27) and connecting InterCity train to Zurich (depart 18:39, arrive 19:53), showing both the spectacular scenery and the trains themselves. Note that the older Milan-Tirano trains shown in this video were replaced in 2015 by smart modern air-conditioned trains.
Neurotransmitters play a role in shaping who we are and how we perceive ourselves and the world around us. They influence our moods, memory and learning, self-esteem, anxiety levels, motivation, and more.
Below are listed a few of the most common symptoms which can be due to a neurotransmitter imbalance. Once correctly diagnosed, treatment can be achieved either through preferred natural methods, or from taking prescribed medication over a period of time.
Dopamine is the ‘pleasure and reward’ neurotransmitter. Symptoms of poor dopamine activity include:
Inability to self-motivate
Inability to start or finish tasks
Feelings of worthlessness
Feelings of hopelessness
Lose temper for minor reasons
Inability to handle stress
Anger and aggression while under stress
Desire to isolate oneself from others
Unexplained lack of concern for family and friends
Serotonin is the joy and well-being neurotransmitter. Symptoms of poor serotonin activity include:
Loss of pleasure in hobbies and interests
Feelings of inner rage and anger
Feelings of depression
Difficulty finding joy from life pleasures
Depression when it is cloudy or when there is lack of sunlight
Loss of enthusiasm for favorite activities
Not enjoying favorite foods
Not enjoying friendships and relationships
Unable to fall into deep restful sleep
GABA is the “calm and relaxed” neurotransmitter. Symptoms of poor GABA activity include:
Feelings of anxiousness or panic for no reason
Feelings of dread
Feelings of inner tension and inner excitability
Feelings of being overwhelmed for no reason
Hard to turn your mind off when you want to relax
Worry about things you never had thought of before
Acetylcholine is the learning and memory neurotransmitter. Symptoms of poor acetylcholine activity include:
Loss of visual and photographic memory
Loss of verbal memory
Difficulty calculating numbers
Difficulty recognizing objects and faces
Slowness of mental responsiveness
Difficulty with directions and spatial orientation
Over the past two months I have been able to naturally maintain a good balance in both dopamine and serotonin levels by incorporating into my lifestyle a healthier eating regime, which includes one day a week of fasting, and a schedule of listening, exercising and dancing to music on a daily basis. Natural light increases serotonin levels so even a daily short 30-60 minutes’ brisk walk into town is beneficial (weather permitting), and since this is exercise it also stimulates dopamine levels in the brain.
On 17 November 2015 Charlie Sheen revealed to the media that he had been diagnosed 4 years earlier with being HIV positive. At the same time he admitted that although he was no longer taking any drugs he was still drinking alcohol. His health, physical and mentally, has been an issue for some time.
I am writing this post to preserve some of his quotes listed below. Despite his volatile reactions during some of the episodes in his life, he is still a brilliant actor in my book, remembered particularly for Platoon and Wall Street.
Quotes spoken by Charlie Sheen:
“I got tiger blood, man. My brain…fires in a way that is – I don’t know, maybe not from this particular terrestrial realm.”
“I am on a drug. It’s called Charlie Sheen. It’s not available because if you try it, you will die. Your face will melt off and your children will weep over your exploded body.”
“I’m tired of pretending like I’m not special. I’m tired of pretending like I’m not bitchin’, a total fricking rock star from Mars.”
“I’m bi-winning. I win here. I win there.”
“Most of the time — and this includes naps — I’m an F-18, bro. And I will destroy you in the air. I will deploy my ordinance to the ground.”
“I probably took more drugs than anyone could survive. I was banging seven-gram rocks, because that’s how I roll. I have one speed, I have one gear: Go.”
“I’ve got magic. I’ve got poetry in my fingertips.”
“You can’t process me with a normal brain.”
“I’ve seen clips of that whole meltdown, or meltforward as I called it, and it’s hard to watch… I wouldn’t have gone as far if I’d known that everything I said would be a t-shirt.”